Oilfield Glossary
Oilfield Glossary
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fluid contact

Structure map of a reservoir with gas-oil and oil-water contacts
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1. n. [Geology]
The interface that separates fluids of different densities in a reservoir. Horizontal contacts are usually assumed, although tilted contacts occur in some reservoirs. The contact between fluids is usually gradual rather than sharp, forming a transition zone of mixed fluid. A mixed-fluid reservoir will stratify according to fluid density, with gas at the top, oil in the middle, and water below. Production of fluids often perturbs the fluid contacts in a reservoir.