Oilfield Glossary
Oilfield Glossary
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sigma

1. n. [Formation Evaluation]
The macroscopic cross section for the absorption of thermal neutrons, or capture cross section, of a volume of matter, measured in capture units (c.u.). Sigma is also used as an adjective to refer to a log of this quantity. Sigma is the principal output of the pulsed neutron capture log, which is mainly used to determine water saturation behind casing. Thermal neutrons have about the same energy as that of the surrounding matter, typically less than 0.4 eV.