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Oilfield Glossary

Schlumberger Oilfield Glossary Credits

Credits and Bibliography: Drilling Module

Technical Writer:
Mark Ramsey, Texas Drilling Associates

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
Mark Andrea
David Bergt
Leo Burdylo
James Garner
Bill Lesso
Warren Lloyd
Bill Miller
Charlie Pratton
Rana Rottenberg

Other contributors:
Joan Mead

Credits and Bibliography: Drilling Fluids Module

Technical Writer:
Robert L. (Bob) Garrett, Garrett Fluid Technology

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
Leo Burdylo
Ron Clark, R.K. Clark Fluid Technology
Alan Gilmore
Michael Hodder
Otto Houwen
Rana Rottenberg
Ahmadi Tehrani

Other contributors:
Joan Mead

Bibliography:
Binder GG, Carlton LA and Garrett RL: “Evaluating Barite as a Source of Soluble Carbonate and Sulfide Contamination in Drilling Fluids,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 33, no. 12 (December 1981): 2371–2376.

Bruce GH and Williams CE Jr.: “Carrying Capacity of Drilling Fluids,” Transactions, AIME 192 (1951): 111–120.

Burba JL III and Crabb CR: “Laboratory and Field Evaluation of Novel Inorganic Drilling Fluid Additive,” paper IADC/SPE 17198, presented at the IADC/SPE Drilling Conference, Dallas, Texas, USA, February 28–March 2, 1988.

Chenevert ME: “Shale Control With Balanced-Activity Oil-Continuous Muds,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 33, no. 11 (November 1970): 1370–1378.

Clark RK, Scheuerman RF, Raoth H and van Laar H: “Polyacrylamide-Potassium Chloride Mud for Drilling Water Sensitive Shales,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 28, no. 6 (June 1976): 719–726.

Ebeltoft H, Yousif M and Soergaard E: “Hydrate Control During Deep-water Drilling: Overview and New Drilling Fluids Formulations,” paper SPE 38567, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Texas, USA, October 5–8, 1997.

Federal Register 57, no. 224 (November 19, 1992): 54652–57.

Fraser LJ: “New Method Accurately Analyzes PHPA's in Muds,” Oil & Gas Journal 85, no. 27 (July 6, 1987): 39–42.

Fraser L and Enriquez F: “Mixed-Metal Hydroxides Fluid Research Widens Applications,” Petroleum Engineer International 64, no. 6 (June 1992): 43-46.

Garrett RL: “A New Field Method for the Quantitative Determination of Sulfides in Water-Based Drilling Fluids,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 29, no. 9 (September 1977): 1195–1201.

Garrett RL: “A New Field Method for the Quantitative Determination of Carbonates in Water-Base Drilling Fluids,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 30, no. 7 (July 1978): 860–868.

Garrett RL: “Quality Requirements for Industrial Minerals Used in Drilling Fluids,” Mining Engineering 39, no. 11 (November 1987): 1011–1016.

Garrett RL, Carlton LA and Denekas MO: “Methods for Field Monitoring of Oil-Based Drilling Fluids for Hydrogen Sulfide and Water Intrusions,” SPE Drilling Engineering 3, no.3 (September 1988): 296–302.

Griffin WC: “Classification of Surface-Active Agents by 'HLB,'” Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists 1 (1949): 311.

Griffin WC: “Calculation of HLB Values of Non-Ionic Surfactants,” Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Chemists 5 (1954): 259.

Growcock FB, Ellis CF and Schmidt DD: “Electrical Stability, Emulsion Stability, and Wettability of Invert Oil-Based Muds” SPE Drilling & Completion 9, no. 1 (March 1994): 39–46.

Hemphill T, Campos W and Pilehvari A: “Yield-Power Law Model More Accurately Predicts Mud Rheology,” Oil & Gas Journal 91, no. 34 (August 23, 1993): 45–50.

Hughes TL, Jones TG and Houwen OW: “The Chemical Characterization of CMC and Its Relationship to Drilling-Mud Rheology and Fluid Loss,” SPE Drilling & Completion 8, no. 3 (September 1993): 157–164.

Marsh H: “Properties and Treatment of Rotary Mud,” Petroleum Development and Technology, Transactions of the AIME (1931): 234–251.

O'Brien DE and Chenevert ME: “Stabilizing Sensitive Shales with Inhibited Potassium-Based Drilling Fluids,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 25, no. 9 (September 1973): 1089–1100.

Perricone AC and Chesser BG: “Corrosive Aspects of Copper Carbonate in Drilling Fluids,” Oil & Gas Journal 68, no. 37 (September 14, 1970): 82–85.

Perricone AC, Enright DP and Lucas JM: “Vinyl Sulfonate Copolymers for High-Temperature Filtration Control of Water-Base Muds,” SPE Drilling Engineering 1, no. 5 (October 1986): 358–364.

Recommended Practice on the Rheology and Hydraulics of Oil-Well Drilling Fluids, 3rd ed. Washington, DC, USA: American Petroleum Institute, 1995.

Recommended Practice Standard Procedure for Laboratory Testing of Drilling Fluids, 5th ed. Washington, DC, USA: American Petroleum Institute, 1995.

Rogers WF: “Oil-in-Water Emulsion Muds,” in Composition and Properties of Oil Well Drilling Fluids, 3rd ed. Houston, Texas, USA: Gulf Publishing Company, 1963.

Sikorski CF and Weintritt DJ: “Polyphosphate Drilling-Mud Thinners Deserve Second Look,” Oil & Gas Journal 81, no. 27 (July 4, 1983): 71–78.

Steiger RP: “Fundamentals and Use of Potassium/Polymer Drilling Fluids to Minimize Drilling and Completion Problems Associated with Hydratable Clays,” Journal of Petroleum Technology 34, no. 8 (August 1982): 1661–1670.

Toups J and Caenn R: “Drill-in Fluids Serve to Optimize Production,” The American Oil and Gas Reporter 40, no. 8 (August 1997): 75–80. (See Fig. 1).

van Oort E, Hale AH, Mody FK and Roy S: “Transport in Shales and the Design of Improved Water-Based Shale Drilling Fluids,” SPE Drilling & Completion 11, no. 3 (September 1996): 137-146.

Watkins TE and Nelson ME: “High Temperature Gellation of Drilling Fluids,” Transactions of the AIME 193 (1953): 213–218.

Weintritt DJ, Qaisieh NS and Otto GH: “How To Improve Accuracy in the EPA Static Sheen Test,” Oil & Gas Journal 91, no. 18 (May 3, 1993): 77–83.

Credits and Bibliography: Formation Evaluation Module

Technical Writer:
Julian Singer, consultant

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
Mark Andersen
Barbara Anderson
Tom Barber
Tim Diggs, Shell International EP
Darwin Ellis
Russel Hertzog
David L. Johnson
M.R. Kane
Robert Kleinberg
Jack LaVigne
Rana Rottenberg
Philippe Theys

Other Contributors:
Mark Andersen
Richard Piggin, consultant

Bibliography:
Anderson B and Barber T: Induction Logging, http://www.hub.slb.com/index.cfm?id=id8880.

Core Analysis, 2nd Edition, Recommended Operating Practices RP40. Washington, DC, USA: American Petroleum Institute, 1998.

Ellis DV: Well Logging for Earth Scientists. New York, New York, USA: Elsevier, 1987.

Kenyon WE: “Petrophysical Principles of Applications of NMR Logging,” The Log Analyst 38, no. 2 (March-April 1997): 21-43.

Log Interpretation Principles/Applications. Houston, Texas, USA: Schlumberger Educational Services, 1989.

MWD/LWD Glossary: http://www.spwla.org/html/chapters/ims.html.

“NMR Logging: A Special Issue,” The Log Analyst 37, no. 6 (November-December 1996): 19-69.

Oilfield Review Electronic Archive 1992-2000, SMP-6087, Sugar Land, Texas, USA: Schlumberger, 2001.

Petrophysics, SPE Reprint Series No. 39. Richardson, Texas, USA: Society of Petroleum Engineers, 1994.

Schlumberger Cased Hole Log Interpretation Principles/Applications. Houston, Texas, USA: Schlumberger Educational Services, 1989.

Society of Professional Well Log Analysts, Houston Chapter: The Art of Ancient Log Analysis, Houston, Texas, USA: Society of Professional Well Log Analysts, 1979.

SPWLA Glossary: www.spwla.org.

Theys PP: Log Data Acquisition and Quality Control, 2nd ed. Paris, France: Editions Technip. 1999.

Credits and Bibliography: Geology Module

Technical Writer:
Gretchen Gillis

Editor:
Gordon Pirie

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
John Cubitt
Ian Bryant
Woodson Godfrey
James Kent
Rana Rottenberg
Sarah Ryan
John H. Wrenn

Other contributors:
Joan Mead

Bibliography:
Allaby A and Allaby M: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Earth Sciences. New York, New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Barker C: Petroleum Generation and Occurrence for Exploration Geologists. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: Oil & Gas Consultants International, 1990.

Bates RL and Jackson JA: Dictionary of Geological Terms, 3rd ed. New York, New York, USA: Anchor Books/Doubleday, 1984.

Blatt H, Middleton G and Murray R: Origin of Sedimentary Rocks. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1980.

Compton RR: Geology in the Field. New York, New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 1985.

Deer WA, Howie RA and Zussman J: An Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals. London, England: Longman Group Limited, 1980.

Emery D and Myers KJ (eds): Sequence Stratigraphy. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Blackwell Science, Inc., 1996.

Galloway WE: Depositional Systems and Sequences in the Exploration for Sandstone Reservoirs and Stratigraphic Traps. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1992.

Glossary of Terms & Expressions Used in Well Logging. Houston, Texas, USA: Society of Professional Well Log Analysts, 1984.

Ham WE (ed): Classification of Carbonate Rocks, AAPG Memoir No. 1. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1962.

Magoon LB (ed): The Petroleum System–Status of Research and Methods, 1992. Washington, DC, USA: US Government Printing Office, 1992.

McCain WD: The Properties of Petroleum Fluids. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell Books, 1973.

Means WD: Stress and Strain. New York, New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 1976.

Merrill GK: “Map Location Literacy–How Well Does Johnny Geologist Read?” Geological Society of America Bulletin 97(April 1986): 404-409.

Monastersky R: “Ringing Earth's Bell: What Makes Our Planet Constantly Quiver?” Science News. 154 (July 4, 1998): 12-13.

Mulholland JW: “Sequence Stratigraphy: Basic Elements, Concepts, and Terminology”, The Leading Edge 17 (January 1998): 37-40.

Petroleum Extension Service: A Dictionary for the Petroleum Industry. Austin, Texas, USA: The University of Texas at Austin, 1997.

Sheriff RE: Encyclopedic Dictionary of Exploration Geophysics. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 1991.

Strahler AN: Physical Geology. New York, New York, USA: Harper & Row, 1981.

Suppe J: Principles of Structural Geology. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1985.

Tearpock DJ and Bischke RE: Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1991.

Wilgus CK, Hastings BS, Posamentier H, Van Wagoner J, Ross CA and Kendall G (eds): Sea-Level Changes: An Integrated Approach. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, 1988.

Credits and Bibliography: Geophysics Module

Technical Writer:
Gretchen Gillis

Editors:
Dick Ireson
Michael Oristaglio
Lisa Stewart

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
Les Bennett
Jack Caldwell
Richard Coates
Mike Craven
Dev George
Bob Kleinberg
Rana Rottenberg
Peter van Bemmel

Other contributors:
Candace Billue
Tony Incledon
Joan Mead
Kathy Shofner

Bibliography:
Allaby A and Allaby M: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Earth Sciences. New York, New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Anderson BS and Weber ME: “Gravity/Magnetic Data Use Surges,” AAPG Explorer 19, no. 2 (February 1998): 16-17.

Asimov I: Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery (Updated and Illustrated). New York, New York, USA: HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 1994.

Bates RL and Jackson JA: Dictionary of Geological Terms, 3rd ed. New York, New York, USA: Anchor Books/Doubleday, 1984.

Bird D: “Geology Should Rule Interpretation,” AAPG Explorer 18, no. 6 (June 1997): 26-27.

Constable SC, Parker RL and Constable CG: “Occam's Inversion: A Practical Algorithm for Generating Smooth Models from Electromagnetic Sounding Data,” Geophysics 52, no. 3 (March 1987): 289-300.

Crystal D (ed): The Cambridge Factfinder. New York, New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Emery D and Myers KJ (eds): Sequence Stratigraphy. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Blackwell Science, Inc., 1996.

Ewing TE: “Real Answers for Synthetic Issues,” AAPG Explorer 18, no. 8 (August 1997): 24-26.

Harris JM and Langan RT: “Crosswell Seismic Fills the Gap,” AAPG Explorer 18, no. 1 (January 1997): 10-12.

Henry SG: “Catch the (Seismic) Wavelet,” AAPG Explorer 18, no. 3 (March 1997): 36-38.

Henry SG: “Zero Phase Can Aid Interpretation,” AAPG Explorer 18, no. 4 (April 1997): 66-69.

Hyne NJ: Dictionary of Petroleum Exploration, Drilling, & Production. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell Publishing Company, 1991.

Isaacs A, Daintith J and Martin E: The Concise Science Dictionary, 2nd ed. New York, New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Lay T and Wallace TC: Modern Global Seismology. San Diego, California, USA: Academic Press, 1995.

Liner CL: “Normal Moveout, An Effect, Process,” AAPG Explorer 19, no. 4 (April 1998): 26-29.

Liner CL: “Dip MoveOut Just Isn't 'Normal',” AAPG Explorer 19, no. 5 (May 1998): 64-66.

Lowrie W: Fundamentals of Geophysics. New York, New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Means WD: Stress and Strain. New York, New York, USA: Springer-Verlag, 1976.

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Tenth Edition. Springfield, Massachusetts, USA: Merriam-Webster, Inc., 1997.

Mulholland JW: “Sequence Stratigraphy: Basic Elements, Concepts, and Terminology,” The Leading Edge 17, no. 1 (January 1998): 37-40.

Personal communications
(Contributors are employees of Schlumberger or its affiliates unless otherwise noted.)
Carlos Bernal, Slawson Exploration Company, Denver, Colorado, USA.
David Bocanegra, Vintage Petroleum, Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA.
Peter Canter
Mike Craven
Russ Hertzog
James Meyerhoff, Samedan Oil Corporation, Houston, Texas, USA
Tom Plona
Ross Saunders, Burlington Resources, Houston, Texas, USA
Robin Walker

Sheriff RE: Encyclopedic Dictionary of Exploration Geophysics. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 1991.

Sheriff RE and Geldart LP: Exploration Seismology, 2nd ed. New York, New York, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Tearpock DJ and Bischke RE: Applied Subsurface Geological Mapping. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1991.

Tucker PM: Pitfalls Revisited. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 1982.

Veire H, Reymond S, Signer C, Tenneboe PO, Sonneland L: “New Methods Boost 4D Seismic Role in Reservoir Management,” Oil & Gas Journal 96, no. 37 (September 14, 1998): 41-46.

Vuillermoz C and Granger PY: “Multicomponent Seismic Enhances Characterization of Offshore Reservoirs,” World Oil 219, no. 4 (April 1998): 141-142.

Wren AE: Geophysics for Geologists, internal training course at Maxus Exploration Company, 1993.

Yilmaz O: Seismic Data Processing. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 1987.

Zimmerman JJ: “It's All a Matter of Space and Time,” AAPG Explorer 17, no. 12 (December 1996): 24-27.

Credits and Bibliography: Enhanced Oil Recovery Module

Coordinator:
Mark Andersen

Technical Writer:
Yanil Del Castillo

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Contributing Reviewers:
Stephen Holditch
John Jochen
Rana Rottenberg
Mark Teel
Simon Andersen
Andrew Clarke
Richard Henson
Richard Hutchins
Cuong Jackson
Christian James LaCasse
Sharath Chandra Mahavadi
Daniel Musri
Jaime Moreno Ortiz
Tomi Owodunni
Bashar Qassim
Saeed Shad
Jeff Strong

Credits and Bibliography: Production Facilities Module

Technical Writer:
Yanil Del Castillo

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Contributing Reviewers:
Stephen Holditch
Rana Rottenberg

Bibliography:
A Dictionary for the Petroleum Industry, 1st edition. Austin, Texas, USA: Petroleum Extension Service, 1991.

Arnold K and Steward M: Surface Production Operations. Houston, Texas, USA: Gulf Publishing Company, 1986.

Hyne NJ: Dictionary of Petroleum Exploration, Drilling and Production. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell, 1991.

Langenkamp RD: The Illustrated Petroleum Reference, 2nd edition. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell, 1982.

Langenkamp RD: Handbook of Oil Industry Terms and Phrases, 5th edition. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell, June 1994.

Oil and Gas Handbook, 4th edition. Edinburgh, Scotland: Bank of Scotland, 1996.

Skinner DR: Introduction to Petroleum Production. Houston, Texas, USA: Gulf Publishing Company, 1981.

Credits and Bibliography: Production Logging Module

Technical Writer:
Julian Singer, consultant

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Contributing Reviewers:
Rob North
Rana Rottenberg
Gilles Rouault
Bernard Theron

Credits and Bibliography: Production Testing Module

Technical Writer:
Yanil Del Castillo

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Contributing Reviewers:
Stephen Holditch
Rana Rottenberg

Bibliography:
A Dictionary for the Petroleum Industry, 1st edition. Austin, Texas, USA: Petroleum Extension Service, 1991.

Hyne NJ: Dictionary of Petroleum Exploration, Drilling And Production. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell Publishing Co. Inc., 1991.

Langenkamp RD: Handbook of Oil Industry Terms and Phrases, 5th Edition. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell Publishing Co. Inc., 1994.

Langenkamp RD: Illustrated Petroleum Reference Dictionary, 4th Edition. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell Publishing Co. Inc., 1994.

Lee J and Wattembarger RA: Gas Reservoir Engineering. Richardson, Texas, USA: Society of Petroleum Engineers, 1996.

McCain WD Jr.: The Properties of Petroleum Fluids, second edition. Tulsa, Oklahoma, USA: PennWell Publishing Co. Inc., 1990.

Oil and Gas Handbook, 4th edition. Edinburgh, Scotland: Bank of Scotland, 1996. 102 pages.

Skinner DR: Introduction to petroleum production, Houston, Texas, USA: Gulf publishing company, 1981.

Vogel JV: "Inflow Performance Relationship for Solution-Gas Drive Wells," paper SPE 1476, presented at the 1960 SPE Annual Fall Meeting, Dallas, Texas, USA, October 2-5, 1960.

Credits and Bibliography: Reservoir Characterization Module

Technical Writer:
Robert Y. Elphick

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Contributing Reviewers:
Ian Bryant
Rana Rottenberg
Tom Ryer

Credits and Bibliography: Shale Gas Module

Writer:
Gretchen Gillis

Editor:
Rana Rottenberg

Reviewers:
Greg Bogdan
Charles Cosad
Karen Glaser
Valerie Jochen
Richard Lewis
Brian Toelle
George Waters

Credits and Bibliography: Well Completions Module

Technical Writer:
Bruce Adam, Marketec

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
James Garner
John Gerke
Paul Miller
Carlos Pineda
Rana Rottenberg

Credits and Bibliography: Well Testing Module

Technical Writers:
Christine Economides
David Harrison
Lloyd Jones

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Contributing Reviewers:
Rana Rottenberg

Credits and Bibliography: Well Workover and Intervention Module

Technical Writer:
Bruce Adam, Marketec

Editor:
Gretchen Gillis

Graphic Design:
Martha Dutton

Contributing Reviewers:
Teoman Altinkopru
Ed Burchfield
Leo Burdylo
James Garner
Billy Greeson
Bob Hale
John Mayzel
Luis Felipe Peixoto
John Pursell
Brett Rimmer
Rana Rottenberg
Henry Wortmann

Business Terminology Module

Technical Writer:
Alan Morgan, Certified Professional Landman (CPL)

Editor:
Matt Varhaug

Contributing Reviewers:
Mark Andersen
Sandra Fuller, Landman
Michael Hantel
Rana Rottenberg
Carol Sledge, CPL

Heavy Oil Module

Technical Writers:
Hussein Alboudwarej
Gordon Graves
Lisa Stewart
Jiasen Tan
Shawn Taylor
Gary Tustin

Editor:
Matt Varhaug

Contributing Reviewers:
Mark Andersen
Jorge Lopez de Cardenas
Joelle Fay
David Law
Allan Peats
Rana Rottenberg