liquid saturation method

1. n. [Formation Evaluation]
A technique for measuring the pore volume of a core sample from the difference in its weight when dry and when saturated with a liquid. A clean, dry sample is weighed and then evacuated for several hours in a vacuum chamber, flushing with CO2 to remove remaining air if necessary. A de-aerated liquid is introduced into the chamber and pressured to ensure complete saturation. The saturated sample is then weighed again. The difference in weight divided by the density of the liquid is the connected, or effective, pore volume. It is also common to measure the weight of the sample when immersed in the liquid. The grain and bulk volume can then be calculated as in the buoyancy method.