Stoneley permeability

1. n. [Formation Evaluation]
The ability of fluid to move through a rock, as measured by the reduction in amplitude or increase in slowness of the acoustic Stoneley wave generated in the borehole. The velocity and amplitude of the Stoneley wave are reduced by the presence of mobile fluids in the formation. Physically, the effect can be seen as a coupling of the Stoneley energy into a formation wave known as the slow wave, as predicted by the Biot theory. The amount of reduction is a complicated function of this mobility (or permeability divided by viscosity), the properties of the borehole fluid, the pore fluid and the mudcake, the elastic properties of the rock and the frequency. Since all these factors are measured or estimated from logs, it is possible to determine formation mobility. In practice, the mobility needs to be reasonably high for the method to be accurate.