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root-mean-square velocity

1. n. [Geophysics]

The value of the square root of the sum of the squares of the velocity values divided by the number of values, symbolized by vrms. The root-mean-square velocity is that of a wave through subsurface layers of different interval velocity along a specific raypath, and is typically several percent higher than the average velocity. The stacking velocity and the root-mean-square velocity approach equality when source-receiver offset approaches zero and layers are horizontal and isotropic.

See: Dix formularaypathstacking velocityvelocity

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