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shear stress

1. n. [Drilling Fluids]

The force per unit area required to sustain a constant rate of fluid movement. Mathematically, shear stress can be defined as:

τ = F/A,

τ = shear stess
F = shear force
A = Area acted on by the shear force.

If a fluid is placed between two parallel plates spaced 1.0 cm apart, and a force of 1.0 dyne is applied to each square centimeter of the surface of the upper plate to keep it in motion, the shear stress in the fluid is 1 dyne/cm2 at any point between the two plates.

See: Bingham plastic modelBrookfield viscometercentipoisegel strengthHerschel-Bulkley fluidhigh-pressure, high-temperature viscometerNewtonian fluidnon-Newtonian fluidplastic fluidplastic viscositypower-law fluidpseudoplasticrheological propertyrheologyshear rateviscosityyield point

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