1. n. [Drilling Fluids]
Nonaqueous, water-internal (invert) emulsion muds in which the external phase is a synthetic fluid rather than an oil. This and other more minor changes in formulations have made synthetic fluids in muds more environmentally acceptable for offshore use. Synthetic muds are popular in most offshore drilling areas, despite high initial mud costs, because of their environmental acceptance and approval to dispose of cuttings into the water. "Oil mud" should not be used to describe synthetic-base muds.
See: calcium chloride, conventional mud, diesel-oil mud, drilling fluid, electrical stability test, flash point, invert-emulsion oil mud, isomerized olefin, lignite, linear alphaolefin, oil content, oil mud, olefinic hydrocarbon, rheology modifier, shale, sheen test, spotting fluid, syn, synthetic-base fluid, synthetic/brine ratio, synthetic/water ratio, water-in-oil emulsion